'Ohi'a and in some areas koa trees dominate the canopy of the lush cloud forests found on the higher elevations of Kaua'i, Maui, Hawai'i, O'ahu, and Moloka'i. These moist forests provide a refuge for a large variety of endangered endemic honeycreepers, such as the 'Akiapōlā'au, Hawai'i 'Ākepa, 'Anianiau, and 'Ākohekohe. Montane forests are also home to the 'Alalā (Hawaiian Crow), and Puaiohi (Small Kaua'i Thrush). Sadly, these are only a few of the imperiled forest birds of the Hawaiian Islands.
Conservation threats to these birds are intense. Avian disease carried by non-native mosquitoes restricts their distribution to higher island elevations, and they are also faced with invasive plants, introduced predators, and habitat loss and degradation.
Habitats Our Birds Need
Arctic and Subarctic Tundra
Alaska has vast expanses of arctic and subalpine tundra characterized by low temperatures, permafrost, and a short growing season.
Coastal Dunes and Beaches
Coastal dunes and beach communities face a dynamic, harsh environment that requires plants to have unique survival mechanisms.
Conifer forests, including our magnificent temperate rainforests, dominate the Pacific Northwest from California to southeast Alaska.
Hawaiian Montane Forest
‘Ohi’a and in some areas koa trees dominate the canopy of the lush cloud forests found on the higher elevations of Kaua’i, Maui, Hawai’i, O’ahu, and Moloka’i.
Hawaii’s freshwater wetlands support the Ae’o, or Hawaiian Stilt, and five other species of endemic, endangered waterbirds.
Intertidal Rocky Shorelines
Rocky shorelines along the North Pacific coastline occupy the region between high and low tide.
An atoll is a coral reef island, or islets. They are are characteristically ring-shaped with a central lagoon, and sometimes a central island.
Riparian corridors occur along rivers and streams and across floodplains and terraces.