Hawaii’s freshwater wetlands support the Ae'o, or Hawaiian Stilt, and five other species of endemic, endangered waterbirds. The historic and current production of the taro plant provides not only food for people, but habitat for waterbirds on the islands.
These irreplaceable wetlands face a distinct set of threats that require continuous intervention to maintain wetland function. Introduced predators have taken their toll on the islands' bird populations, as have avian disease and invasive plant species. The growing season in the Pacific is year-round, giving invasive species unchecked growing conditions. Species such as California grass, pickleweed and red mangrove are highly aggressive and create monocultures that outcompete native plants, reduce plant diversity and diminish the ecological health of wetlands.
Habitats Our Birds Need
Arctic and Subarctic Tundra
Alaska has vast expanses of arctic and subalpine tundra characterized by low temperatures, permafrost, and a short growing season.
Coastal Dunes and Beaches
Coastal dunes and beach communities face a dynamic, harsh environment that requires plants to have unique survival mechanisms.
Conifer forests, including our magnificent temperate rainforests, dominate the Pacific Northwest from California to southeast Alaska.
Hawaiian Montane Forest
‘Ohi’a and in some areas koa trees dominate the canopy of the lush cloud forests found on the higher elevations of Kaua’i, Maui, Hawai’i, O’ahu, and Moloka’i.
Hawaii’s freshwater wetlands support the Ae’o, or Hawaiian Stilt, and five other species of endemic, endangered waterbirds.
Intertidal Rocky Shorelines
Rocky shorelines along the North Pacific coastline occupy the region between high and low tide.
An atoll is a coral reef island, or islets. They are are characteristically ring-shaped with a central lagoon, and sometimes a central island.
Riparian corridors occur along rivers and streams and across floodplains and terraces.