Pacific Birds spans all the world’s hemispheres. In North America and the Hawaiian Islands, we include 14 terrestrial and marine Bird Conservation Regions–ecologically distinct regions in North America with similar bird communities, habitats and resource management issues. Our relatively recent expansion to include islands in the South Pacific adds even more biological diversity to our Joint Venture.
Protecting bird species throughout the Pacific Birds landscape happens through on-the-ground actions by our partners. The following habitats provide the niches vital to these species during their annual life-cycles.
Habitats Our Birds Need
Arctic and Subarctic Tundra
Alaska has vast expanses of arctic and subalpine tundra characterized by low temperatures, permafrost, and a short growing season.
Coastal Dunes and Beaches
Coastal dunes and beach communities face a dynamic, harsh environment that requires plants to have unique survival mechanisms.
Conifer forests, including our magnificent temperate rainforests, dominate the Pacific Northwest from California to southeast Alaska.
Hawaiian Montane Forest
‘Ohi’a and in some areas koa trees dominate the canopy of the lush cloud forests found on the higher elevations of Kaua’i, Maui, Hawai’i, O’ahu, and Moloka’i.
Hawaii’s freshwater wetlands support the Ae’o, or Hawaiian Stilt, and five other species of endemic, endangered waterbirds.
Intertidal Rocky Shorelines
Rocky shorelines along the North Pacific coastline occupy the region between high and low tide.
An atoll is a coral reef island, or islets. They are are characteristically ring-shaped with a central lagoon, and sometimes a central island.
Riparian corridors occur along rivers and streams and across floodplains and terraces.